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A Master's or Doctoral thesis contains several sections. This page contains information about each of them.

Master's or Doctoral thesis abstracts

Your Master's or Doctoral thesis must contain an abstract in French.

  • Master's thesis abstract: 300 words maximum
  • Doctoral thesis abstract: 700 words maximum

For greater visibility in international databases, it is recommended that you also include an English abstract.

Each abstract must be on a separate page.

The English abstract must follow the French one.

Table of contents

The table of contents should be generated automatically using your word processing software.

It must include:

  • The front matter (abstracts, dedications, acknowledgements, preface, etc.)
  • The titles of the body sections
  • The list of tables
  • The list of diagrams
  • The list of figures
  • The list of abbreviations and acronyms, etc.


A preface is mandatory for theses and dissertations that include articles.

The preface must contain information on:

  • The publication status of included articles (dates of submission, acceptance, or publication)
  • Differences or changes between the article included in the thesis or dissertation and the published version
  • Your author status (first or not)
  • Your exact role in the preparation of each article
  • The coauthors of each article

Body of the thesis or dissertation

Each of the sections (introduction, chapter, conclusion) in the body of the Master's or Doctoral thesis must start on a new page.


The Faculty of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies does not have a prescribed bibliographic style. You should choose a style based on the standards in your field of study.

Included papers

There are certain special rules to follow when including papers.

See the presentation rules for including papers